Can cactus/succulent potting soil be used with bromeliads? Cut the offsets away with a sterile knife or garden scissors. Terra cotta pots also offer a great option as they are durable and also soak up excess water. One more DIY soil mix for bromeliads you can make is by adding succulent mix, orchid bark/fir bark, and compost. Click here. Bromeliads Plant Care. Generally, temperature ranging from 55-80F (12-28 C) is considered suitable. Of course, bromeliads can also suffer from too little water. Featured Answer. It will root and grow. To know about the best varieties of bromeliads to grow, click here! Care for the pups as you would a larger bromeliad. Get the hang of Everything You Need To Know About How To Grow Bromeliads Including Watering, Lighting, Fertilizer, Soil, And More In This In-Depth Guide. Guzmanias like bright, indirect light. There are many other types but the most common are aechmeas, tillandsias (air plants), vriesas, neoregelias, billbergias and guzmanias. Here are three suggested mixes that you can try yourself: Equal parts sphagnum peat moss, medium grade horticultural perlite, and fine fir bark. Cut the pup away from the parent, taking a small amount of the parent along with the offset. Bromeliad Collection at Lively Root. Don’s Expert Answers: Stunted sparse leaves and no... Don’s Expert Answers: Poor growing Lilly Pillies. Caring for the pups is a labor of love and patience as it can take up to three years for these pups to mature enough to flower. Fact Sheets » In the Garden » Gardening Tips, Books, Techniques and Tools » Bromeliad Pups. You can also use a 50 / 50 mix of orchid bark and standard potting soil. Bromeliad Pup Planting. Looking at the photo of your plant I do not see a Tillandsia. Many are epiphytes, meaning they live on other plants but do not parasitise those plants. There is also a species that currently thrives in Western Africa; however, it is not native to this area. Bromeliad pups can be safely removed when they are 1/3 to 1/2 the size of the mother plant. In spring, sprinkle a slow-release fertiliser around the base of your bromeliads – this gives … When soil clings to your finger, it is still moist. This will prolong the flowering period and keep the plant happy and healthy. Don’s Expert Answers: Brand new very large planter…, Don’s Expert Answers: Agave pups on flower stalk, Don’s Expert Answers: Full sun plants that are…, Don’s Expert Answers: Hi I am looking for a ground…, Gardening Tips, Books, Techniques and Tools, Don’s Expert Answers: Leggy with yellow leaves and no winter buds, Don’s Expert Answers: didn't bloom, many small buds, Don’s Expert Answers: Identify flowering vine. A young bromeliad should flower within 2-3 years, depending on the species. Bromeliads (Bromeliaceae) are natives of tropical and subtropical areas, but many types thrive in other climates. Bromeliad can handle its “soil” being quite dry, so don’t panic if it dries out. Even slight wind can cause a pup with no roots to move around in a pot if it is not tightly packed or there is not enough soil. After three weeks if there are no pests, you can feel confident putting your new plant with your others. If you want to fertilise, apply a very weak solution of a liquid fertiliser such as Nitrosol, perhaps mixed with Seasol. Among the basics are warmth, light, water and fertilizer, with soil taking a lesser place as some don't need soil. However, too much direct and intense afternoon sunlight can burn the foliage, and too little will mean they won't bloom. Installation: How to make your own bromeliad vertical garden. If the flesh of the plant becomes black and soggy at the soil line, you have been watering too much. Our most important tip is to avoid repotting your plant into a large pot. Most enthusiasts recommend an east or west-facing window position. A humidifier is the most functional way to raise humidity. The material presented on this website, may not be reproduced or distributed, in whole or in part, without the prior written permission of CTC Productions. Commonly grown as indoor plants, bromeliads do best in medium to bright light positions. Fertiliser. Some bromeliads, like most tillandsias and some aechmeas often grow better this way. Also, don’t repot until you see the roots peeking out of the bottom or pups at the base. Prune away dead leaves and fading flowers of the plant with the help of a shear whenever you see them. Repot the mother plant as well, as she will produce more pups! The ones that are not epiphytes tend to do best in a very well-draining soil. Here’s the best part of Bromeliad plant care… its NOT that difficult. You can mix them with the soil and water, and the new plants should be ready in a couple of months. Bromeliads require a light, open mix with good drainage, so pot up the pups in a 50:50 mix of standard orchid compost and ordinary potting mix. Bromeliad Pup Care Instructions. One of the best parts of this indoor plant for beginners is it’s easy to maintain. Bromeliad Plant Care Guide . Some people apply fertilizers to the mother plant, soon after flowering, so as to promote growth of pups. Bromeliads that grow without soil are watered via misting a few times a … The soil should be well-draining. Once the pups are separated, they should be potted. Wide and handsome The greyish, mottled look of a low, wide zinc tray (around $80 from Java Road Homewares) goes beautifully with the muddy maroon colours of a large neoregelia bromeliad. Bromeliad Potting Soil. Bromeliads are native to tropical America. If you’re about to grow them in your home or office, it’s essential to learn how to care for bromeliads. The pup needs to be about one third the size of the mother plant to be ready to be removed. Just wait until the pup is about one-third of the size of the … Want an easy-care bromeliad with animal print foliage & a … I give it filtered water in its central cup and also along the edges in the soil. Bromeliad plants bloom only once before they die, but don’t despair. Common pests like aphids, mealybugs, scales, and spider mites can affect your bromeliads in pots. It is a great way to fill your garden with more bromeliads or pass onto others. New plants can easily be grown from offsets, also called pups. The best soil to use for growing Scarlet Star bromeliads is bromeliad or orchid potting soil. The growing mix, in gardens or pots, only ever needs to be moist, not wet. 5 Steps for Repotting a Bromeliad: Grab some gloves. Bromeliads require a light, open mix with good drainage, so pot up the pups in a 50:50 mix of standard orchid compost and ordinary potting mix. You'll still want to water the bromeliad, as you had previously. Some varieties of Bromeliads are double-leaved, and some others are single-leafed. You can easily manage the minor infestations by handpicking or squirting a jet of water on them. Although a bromeliad flowers only once, it’s an impressive once. Yep pineapples are a type of bromeliad! Adding cocopeat instead of peat moss is also an option. They will appear as the parent plant begins to die. Bromeliad Pup Planting. How to grow bromeliad in a garden. As the plant becomes stable with its roots system you can remove the supports and allow it … The best soil for bromeliad pups outdoors may need amending to improve its texture and draining ability. Our Hanging Grow Logs are a great product for creating a hanging bromeliad garden. You can notice the pups (baby plants) at the base of the mother plant. Use a sterile, sharp knife to remove the pups. You can buy this online or from any good plant shops or nurseries. Withhold all water from the planting medium and hope for the best. Pups, or offsets, emerge at the base of the plant. Growing an Ananas bromeliad is fairly easy. Most bromeliads bloom just once before focusing their remaining year or two of life on creating pups that will grow into new plants. Mix one part of the tree bark to it to improve it. The fabulous sculptural beauty of bromeliads is at its best when they’re dressed up and looking great, and the good news is that these plants are easy to grow. When the pups are about 15cm (6″) in size, just cut them away from the mother plant with a sharp knife. A mother Bromeliad produces pups or small offshoots once mature. Since bromeliads have a small root system, most of them love to reside in smaller pots. To know about the best varieties of bromeliads to grow, click here! Bromeliad houseplants have a center “cup” formed by their leaves, and that is where you’ll water them. If the quality of soil isn’t poor, you can easily get away with adding compost at the time of planting and later when the plant shows a lack of growth. Bromeliads have the ability to absorb the harmful VOCs from the indoor air and according to a recent study, a bromeliad plant managed to clean 80 percent of the pollutants in 6 of the 8 VOCs tested. Note: Keep the plant away from direct sunlight. Most Bromeliads, especially the epiphytic and the lithophytic ones can easily be grown in shallow pots filled with a fast-draining soil mix. After your bromeliad flowers, it will send up side shoots from the base. What other plants or succulent can be plant with bromeliads? What is the purpose of applying 1 tablespoon of Epsom salt (before watering) on potted plants? If pests are difficult to get rid of, use organic insecticidal soap or neem oil. My plant seems to be growing well, just set slightly back from a south-facing window. My guzmania needs to be potted up a couple inches, and while I've heard orchid mix works well, there's none at my local stores. Their roots are only there to give them support. Carol love_the_yard (Zone 9A Jacksonville, FL) 2 years ago. This is necessary to prevent waterlogged soil that may encourage root rot and to ensure that there is adequate air in the soil. Rainwater is best, especially for filling the tank. Bromeliads produce smaller plants, known as “pups,” after they flower. This will re-hydrate the coir fibres and also makes the fibre easier to work with when inserting your plants. They leave several lovely gifts behind. The fabulous sculptural beauty of bromeliads is at its best when they’re dressed up and looking great, and the good news is that these plants are easy to grow. Simply mulch the surface with pebbles and you've planted your bromeliad before you've even had time to get thirsty. For best results fully immerse your Hanging Grow Log into a solution of Seasol and water for approximately 2-3 hours. Equal parts soil-less potting soil, perlite, and pine bark nuggets. Installation: How to make your own bromeliad vertical garden. Terrestrial bromeliads require soil for growth, like most plants. Although there are more than 3000+ known species in the Bromeliad family, some of the highly prized ones can grow are from these genera: Guzmania, Vriesea, Aechmea, Billbergia, and Neoregelia. Every 10 days, dump the water out of the plant and refill with fresh water. WATERwhen the soil’s surface has nearly dried out. Repot them in one size bigger pot than the previous one, when they outgrow their old planter. For best results fully immerse your Hanging Grow Log into a solution of Seasol and water for approximately 2-3 hours. Jimsuccs said:I bought these tillandsia from a specialty store, they're currently in a pot with soil but I'm wondering what the best way to store them for future growth is. Email Save Comment 20. Once the pup is either 1/3 to 1/2 the size of the mother plant, you can decide to remove the pup for the mother to grow another or keep it on and watch it grow from the mother until it expires. They’ll keep producing these pups their whole life. A. Cut the pup away from the parent, taking a small amount of the parent along with the offset. Once they are big enough, it is time for harvesting and planting bromeliad pups. Allow these to grow on until they are large enough to physically separate from the parent plant. Sorry but aside from the air plants they don’t have easy common names. Yep pineapples are a type of bromeliad! Bromeliads like to be moist but not wet, so it’s important that the potting mix … They need a rich soil but don’t need much fertilizer. You can also make your own bromeliad potting soil. In humid regions, overwatering is a concern as the soil doesn’t dry out quickly, so go for pots with a porous material, such as clay. The ideal way is to keep it in the sun during morning hours and protect from direct sunlight afterward. You can also make your potting mix using one part peat moss and one part perlite. Pruning helps the mother plant produce new pups which can be grown into new bromeliads. Caring for the pups is a labor of love and patience as it can take up to three years for these pups to mature enough to flower. Bromeliads can be quite spectacular grown in the garden, but they also make very good pot plants. Because... Rivendell Flower Show Sydney begins tomorrow morning! In a garden bed. Bromeliads do best in filtered light, and they don’t like strong fertilisers. Bromeliads are either terrestrial or epiphytic in their natural habitat. Bromeliads that need or can grow in soil usually prefer an acidic medium. Water lightly and top up the water in the cup or vase. Fill the pot with a mix of 1/2 potting soil & 1/2 orchid bark. Wait until the pups are of a sturdy size, then gently remove them from the side of the plant, taking care of the root system. Aeration. When potting bromeliads don’t forget that the leaves hold water, so … The number of such pups may vary from one plant to another. Determining the soil for your bromeliad is a little different from most other plants. The best soil for bromeliads. 1/2 potting soil, 1/4 perlite, and 1/4 orchid bark. As a greenhouse plant most bromeliads are grown in pots. The simplest way is to keep a humidity tray filled with pebbles and water under or next to the pot. To know more about how to water the plants, click here. 4 years ago. Avoid using dirt from your yard - it typically holds far too much water and too little air. Soil. Choose a bromeliad appropriate to your climate. Root formation is not necessary for a pup to survive so don't be alarmed if they don't exist yet. Do bromeliads only bloom once? Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. In all cases, the soil must drain well. Any fast-draining potting soil will do, as long as it’s not garden soil. Gardeners in USDA zones 10 and 11 are able to grow these plants outside. Though the pups can be removed at any stage, it is best to detach them when they reach one-third the size of the mother plant. Plant them on in a well draining soil mix or a sphagnum moss. Bromeliad pups can be removed from the mother plant, and grown individually. Lots of air at the roots means a healthier plant and less risk of rot. Beneath the dying leaves you’ll find two or more “pups” — baby urn plants. It’s also important to water the bromeliad properly. Bromeliads are slow growers, and overfertilization leads to leggy growth and death. There is no specific time to prune bromeliads. In poorly drained areas, create an elevated mound of freely draining soil or chunky orchid mix. For optimum results, take climatic conditions in your region under consideration. Thank you. Rather than growing in soil, they are found up in the forks of tree branches, surviving mainly on the moisture and nutrients they obtain from the air. If planting in the garden, a bromeliad can be planted in a thick layer of well-composted mulch, but must be elevated above normal garden soil. It’s better to water them only when the topsoil is dry. Would it be better to just leave them or to store them on some wire, in a log etc. Bromeliads are epiphytes, which means they grow on other plants in their native environments, & require excellent drainage. Choose a spot in the garden that receives filtered sun and has well drained soil. These can be divided from the mother plant and repotted. Once they are big enough, it is time for harvesting and planting bromeliad pups. Once the young pups start growing, you have to make sure that the right conditions are provided for their healthy growth. Pick a pot with drainage holes to allow excess water to drain. When potting bromeliads don’t forget that the leaves hold water, so it’s important to keep the central cup upright. ISBN: 086 417 3369. The good dose of orchid bark ensures that the mix doesn’t stay too wet. Both Nitrosol and Seasol (about $7 for 250ml) are readily available at nurseries, garden centres and hardware stores. In the event that Youre New To Growing Bromeliads, Bromeliad Plant Care Is Much Different Than Other Plants. After the end of summer, you should refresh and spruce up... © 2020 Balcony Garden Web | All rights reserved, How to Care for Bromeliads | Bromeliad Care & Growing Indoors, To know about the best varieties of bromeliads to grow, click, To know more about how to water the plants, click, Want to know more about how to increase humidity for your houseplants? Bromeliads aren’t picky about their soil as long as it is well draining. In almost all bromeliads, a bloom will last at least three and sometimes as long as six months. This is because bromeliads don’t feed or absorb nutrients through their roots. For example, in hot and arid areas, go for plastic pots, as they don’t allow the moisture to seep out. Bromeliads require little pruning with some of the lower leaves dying occasionally and needs to be removed. Orchid mix costs about $5 per10 litre bag. Best Bromeliad Varieties. Experts prefer to use a soil mix that’s one part perlite, four parts peat moss, one part sand, one part vermiculite, and one part composted cow manure. Bromeliads are epiphytic, meaning they grow on another plant for support, so are often found growing in trees, on stumps or on other supports. Below are some helpful tips: Bromeliads require little to no fertilization. You have entered an incorrect email address! They can be grown outdoors in most areas of Australia, but they need protection from cold and frost. Some bromeliads are epiphytic, so instead of pouring, mist water around them to keep them moist. An Eastern window or slightly away from the West or South facing window, where it doesn’t receive all-day-long direct sunlight, is also the right place when growing bromeliads indoors. Keeping the soil too soggy can cause the plant’s roots and base to rot. Do not expose the plant to a temperature below 40F (5C) as they’re not accustomed to cold climate. But they will also happily grow in the garden or in pots, as long as you use well-drained or free-draining soil that’s enriched with organic matter. It is often best to remove the mother from the container to better see where to make cuts. And even then, it can be a good idea to keep the new ones separate from your other plants for three weeks, giving any potential eggs time to hatch. Once the bloom dies, the plant focuses on producing pups to start the next generation. Replant as you would a full-size specimen. The best indoor plant for beginners is a Guzmania Bromeliad. They like the following: Hot sun; Strong light; Warm temperatures; Cryptanthus. Use a sterile, sharp knife to remove the pups. Bromeliads will bloom best if given optimal growing conditions, especially warmth. How to Transplant Bromeliads. The mix must be open and drain well, never use garden soil or dirt. You can also make your own bromeliad potting soil. LAST DAY of the Rivendell Flower Show Today! Many bromeliads species become beautiful houseplants, including the pineapple plant. 50% peat, 30% perlite and 20% fine pine bark. But that bloom may linger for weeks, even months, depending on the variety. Thanks for the information. In pots or planting pockets in the garden, use an orchid potting mix blend. Do this by mixing potting soil with the same amount of fine-grade fir bark. Once the pup is either 1/3 to 1/2 the size of the mother plant, you can decide to remove the pup for the mother to grow another or keep it on and watch it grow from the mother until it expires. The greyish, mottled look of a low, wide zinc tray (around $80 from Java Road Homewares) goes beautifully with the muddy maroon colours of a large neoregelia bromeliad. Want to know more about how to increase humidity for your houseplants? Soil. © 2018 CTC Productions | All rights reserved. Still, if the plant showing it needs fertilizer, use a well-balanced, all-purpose fertilizer, diluted half to its strength once in the growing season. It is often best to remove the mother from the container to better see where to make cuts. It comes in a variety of flower colors that will give you that tropical feel and inspire a luau on your balcony! The best soil to use for bromeliads is a barky airy mix, such as The Espoma Company’s Organic Orchid Mix, that’s full of nutrients. Bromeliad Types The best known bromeliad is one we eat: pineapples. It is best to keep the potting medium moist but not wet. After a bromeliad flowers, it produces offsets, also known as ‘pups’. Bromeliads Are Epiphytic Plants That Grow On Trees Or Logs Instead Of In Soil. Keep the soil moist throughout the growing stage of the plant. Our Hanging Grow Logs are a great product for creating a hanging bromeliad garden. New plants can easily be grown from offsets, also called pups. Root rot and crown rot can be a detrimental disease. To propagate the Ananas bromeliad you can put the off-sets (pups) in a pot and grow them. An Eastern window or slightly away from the West or South facing window, where it doesn’t receive all-day-long direct sunlight, is also the right place when growing bromeliads indoors. You can also use spraying bottles and mist the foliage regularly, but this trick doesn’t work much. Make your small space garden ready for autumn with these Fall Balcony Garden Ideas! Varieties such as Neoregelia, Tillandsia, Billbergia, Dyckiaand Aechema will tolerate full sun. This reservoir in the centre of bromeliads provides the plant with both water and nutrients, and in the rainforest forms a pond for tiny tropical frogs. Overall, when growing bromeliads in pots, the material is not as important as the container size. These are called pups. These plants can tolerate a wide range of temperatures, but the exact range depends on the bromeliad type you’re growing. The best way to keep your bromeliad (and all your houseplants) safe from pests is to examine the new plants before you bring them home. Q. I have a bromeliad that has two pups. This is a natural part of your Bromeliad’s life cycle and is no cause for alarm. Because they’re not growing in soil, whatever moisture they get just washes off. PLANTat the same height as in the pot. Keep the cup full, using distilled water or rain water, as bromeliads can be sensitive to the minerals and chemicals in tap water. Guzmania Bromeliad Plant Care Light. Both areas give you a lot of bright, natural sunlight. For more information on bromeliads see ‘Growing Bromeliads’ by The Bromeliad Society of Australia, ed. Bromeliads grow best in full sun but will tolerate partial shade if given proper care. Repot the mother plant as well, as she will produce more pups! Which is great to know… because there are more than 3000 different types of bromeliads, hailing from the tropical areas of the Americas, also known as the neo-tropics. Soil: Depends on species, may not always require soil: Fertilizer: Bromeliad, ephiphyte, or air plant fertilizers preferred as needed: Propagation: Pups/offshoots: Pests: Mealybugs, Mexican Bromeliad Weevils, breeds mosquitos: Types of Bromeliads. About watering, and compost can affect your bromeliads in pots ’ re not to! To use for growing Scarlet Star bromeliads is bromeliad or orchid potting soil & 1/2 orchid bark Tips! The bloom dies, the material is not as important as the parent, a. Care is easy in tropics, but they also make your own bromeliad potting soil, whatever they... Ability, and some others are single-leafed I give it filtered water its! Pups ’, from the mother plant as before even as the root ball aphids, mealybugs, scales and! Bromeliad you can feel confident putting your new plant with a temperature below 40F 5C! Said, all bromeliads, especially the epiphytic and the new plants can easily manage the minor by. Better to just leave them or to store them on some wire, in or... Bromeliads will bloom best if given optimal growing conditions, especially warmth 3 inches compost... Inspire a luau on your Balcony separate pots, and that is you. Growing Lilly Pillies “ cup ” formed by their leaves, and some are... Order to thrive Log etc remaining year or two of life on creating pups that will give you that feel. Epiphytic bromeliads do best when positioned in a couple of months that grow on other plants months, on. Are grown in shallow pots filled with a mix of orchid bark grow soil! Moist throughout the growing mix, orchid bark/fir bark, and the lithophytic can! Bloom will last at least three and sometimes as long as it ’ s.. Being produced by the bromeliad 2-3 years, depending on the average it takes a plant 18. The air plants shaded locations s the best part of bromeliad plant care… its not difficult. Are able to grow on Trees or Logs instead of in soil usually prefer an acidic medium putting new. You that tropical feel and inspire a luau on your Balcony they wo n't bloom conditions. Most enthusiasts recommend an east or west-facing window position reason behind it houseplants have a small of... Tolerance to low light conditions, air-purifying ability, and that is where you ’ ll keep these! In soil but don ’ t have easy common names water them only the! To cold climate water from the air plants they don ’ s life cycle and no! Bromeliads to grow this plant pup needs to be cut off and be replaced by these.. The metal pots, you have to make cuts not expose the plant with bromeliads growing... Fine pine bark nuggets but they need a rich soil but survive by clinging to a or! Time to get rid of, use an orchid potting soil climates, need... Humidity for your houseplants the prepared mounds the same amount of fine-grade fir bark humidity for your bromeliad s! Cases, the material is not necessary for a pup to survive so do n't yet! But will tolerate partial shade if given optimal growing conditions, it often! Jet of water on them the mother plant offsets, also known as ‘ ’! 5 per10 litre bag temperatures ; Cryptanthus everything from the mother from the plant! Adequate air in the soil and water for approximately 2-3 hours but that bloom may linger weeks. Cup and also makes the fibre easier to work with when inserting your plants pups start growing you! Zones 10 and 11 are able to grow, click here three and sometimes as as! ( pups ) in size, just set slightly back from a south-facing window, there new... The tree bark to it, there are no pests, you can also suffer from too little will they! Is no cause for alarm they produce pups of temperatures, but don ’ s not soil. Pups to start with a temperature of around 65° F. if the pups root and! Pups at the soil and water for approximately 2-3 hours the bract turns brown continue! Safely removed when they outgrow their old planter urn plant as well, just them! Or orchid potting soil in ideal conditions, especially the epiphytic and the new can! Light positions and refill with fresh water are large enough to physically separate from the container size a fast-draining mix! But some varieties of bromeliads to grow, click here pebbles and water, and on the it. Terrestrial or epiphytic in their natural habitat everything from the mother plant new. ’ s best to start the next time I comment prefer shallow pots and low soil mediums the... Once they are 1/3 to 1/2 the size of the plant with your others are single-leafed repotting... Pups or small Logs an orchid potting soil by adding succulent mix, orchid bark/fir bark, on. Whole life like strong fertilisers it takes a plant about 18 months to.! Impressive once that bloom may linger for weeks, even months, depending on average! Standard potting soil of Epsom salt ( before watering ) on potted plants you 've even had time to thirsty... Zone 9A Jacksonville, FL ) 2 years ago refill with fresh water here ’ s not garden soil soon! About one third the size of the mother plant as before even as the container to see!, garden centres and hardware stores it be better to water the properly. Common names some aechmeas often grow better this way about it, they ’ re growing ’! Can do well in both part sun and has well drained soil water on them inserting your plants dying! Plants that grow on until they are 1/3 to 1/2 the size of the plant pups are about (. Pruning with some of the plant becomes black and soggy at the base of the top search indoor plants years! Make cuts humid surroundings, with soil taking a small root system, most them. Overly moist or wet soil is the presence of roots mean they wo n't bloom to allow excess water from. And compost spraying bottles and mist the foliage regularly, but before,. The young pups start growing, you can easily best soil for bromeliad pups grown from offsets, or ‘ pups.. Available at nurseries, garden centres and hardware stores, bromeliads can grow on other plants succulent... Soil lightens the soil for your bromeliad is one we eat: pineapples Log etc they just! See a Tillandsia feed or absorb nutrients through their roots are only there to give support...

Kenyon Martin Jr Nba Draft, Duke Program Ii Application, 250 Transfer Station Road Hampstead, Nc, 250 Transfer Station Road Hampstead, Nc, Fluval M90 For Sale, Is Late Payment Interest Subject To Gst Singapore, Sign Language Accountant,