By evening, both armies were still on the field of battle. en Frederick died in 1634 in the Battle of Nördlingen, shortly after he came of age. Meanwhile, in the center, Bernard had avoided battle and prevented the Imperialists from reinforcing their threatened left by skillful use of his artillery. The second Battle of Nördlingen (or Battle of Allerheim) was fought on August 3, 1645 southeast of Nördlingen near the village of Alerheim. The Imperials and their main German ally Bavaria were facing increasingly severe pressure in the war from the French, Swedes and their Protestant allies and were struggling to prevent a French attempt to advance into Bavaria. Turenne was left in command and abandoned the siege in front of the numerical superior Imperial-Bavarian army that gained reinforcements from Bohemia by Archduke Leopold Wilhelm. A contingent of Catholic Germans defended the hilltop. Battle of Nördlingen. Battle of Nördlingen (disambiguation) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In addition, the Austrian and Spanish Imperialists possessed 13,000 cavalry. On the other end of the field, Turenne hammered at the Wennenberg. Consequently, the Protestant commanders quickly reversed course and headed north. Just better. Despite this blunder, the Catholic Germans holding the hilltop panicked, deserting their batteries. On 16 August the Cardinal-Infante crossed the Danube at Donauwörth. Battle of Nördlingen (1634). The Thirty Years War, Homegrown Rules, 28mm. The Battle of Nördlingen (German: Schlacht bei Nördlingen ; Spanish: Batalla de Nördlingen ; Swedish: Slaget vid Nördlingen ) was fought in 1634 during the Thirty Years' War, on 27 August (Julian calendar) or 6 September (Gregorian calendar). How to transfigure the Wikipedia . The Battle of Nördlingen was part of the Thirty Years' War, fought from 1618 to 1648. In response, the Austrian Habsburg commander, Ferdinand of Hungary (son of Ferdinand II, the Holy Roman Emperor) advanced west from Bohemia (today, the Czech Republic) threatening to cut across the supply lines of the Protestant armies. Following the death of King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden in the Battle of Lützen on November 16, 1832, his chancellor Axel Oxenstierna ably continued the Swedish war effort. Zipuli Lance Corporal - SdKfz 222 Posts: 21 Joined: Sun Jul 12, 2015 5:58 am. The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. Consequently, the Protestant German princes made a separate peace with the Emperor in the Treaty of Prague. nördlingen, le mur de la ville (romantic road, bavière, allemagne) - nördlingen photos et images de collection The Battle of Nördlingen on 6 September 1634, 1634. He intended to launch the French troops in a frontal charge on the Imperial positions. The battle led to a victory and new strengthening of the Habsburg (Catholic) position and French entry into the war. In 1636, two years after Nördlingen, they defeated a combined Imperial and Saxon army at the Battle of Wittstock, followed later by victories at the Second Battle of Breitenfeld, the battle of Jankov, and the battle of Zusmarshausen. [3] The combined army of 17,000 men was placed under Condé's overall leadership. Its glittering tail streaked across the night sky before bursting into flame. Horn seems to have been reluctant given the state of the Protestant armies, which were short of supplies. Smoke billows in the middle ground, with a distant view of Nördlingen in the left background. France and its Protestant German allies defeated the forces of the Holy Roman Empire and its Bavarian Catholic league allies. The Battle of Nördlingen (German: Schlacht bei Nördlingen; Spanish: Batalla de Nördlingen; Swedish: Slaget vid Nördlingen) was fought in 1634 during the Thirty Years' War, on 27 August (Julian calendar) or 6 September (Gregorian calendar). "The Thirty Years War", Cecily V. Wedgwood, pp. In 1634 Protestant German and Swedish forces moved south and invaded Bavaria, threatening a major Habsburg ally. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}48°51′00″N 10°37′00″E / 48.8500°N 10.6167°E / 48.8500; 10.6167, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Battle_of_Nördlingen_(1645)&oldid=1007706320, Articles lacking in-text citations from August 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 February 2021, at 14:28. For this reason, the Austrian Habsburgs are frequently referred to as the Imperialists.) The Battle of Nördlingen (German: Schlacht bei Nördlingen; Spanish: Batalla de Nördlingen; Swedish: Slaget vid Nördlingen) was fought on August 27 (Julian calendar) or September 6 (Gregorian calendar), 1634 during the Thirty Years' War. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}48°48′18″N 10°29′34″E / 48.80500°N 10.49278°E / 48.80500; 10.49278. Post by Zipuli » Wed Jul 29, 2015 9:26 pm After the pyrrhic victory in Lützen - as described in my previous AAR - I took on Nördlingen. You could also do it yourself at any point in time. 'The Battle of Nördlingen'. 4 posts • Page 1 of 1. The battle was fought between Sweden and the Heilbronn League against Spain, the Holy Roman Empire, and the Bavarian League. Redirect page. The chief consequence of Protestant defeat at Nordlingen was to bring France into … From within the walled city of Nördlingen in the Upper Palatinate, a lone rocket arced slowly skyward on the night of September 3, 1634. Quite the same Wikipedia. These forces mostly consisted of German recruits. Following a year of anticipation and further frantic figure painting we were ready to go again. Charging downhill from Schloss Alerheim, they broke Condé's hesitant right wing, forcing the Frenchman to call off his attack on the Imperial center. After the failure of the tercio system in the first Battle of Breitenfeld in 1631, the professional Spanish troops deployed at Nördlingen proved the tercio system could still contend with the deployment improvements devised by Maurice of Orange and Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden for their respective troops. The Battle of Nördlingen was fought in 1634 during the Thirty Years' War, on 27 August or 6 September . However, in the darkness and confusion, the Imperials in the village, believing themselves to be surrounded, capitulated. Condé's tactics were brutally simple. Bavaria was at least temporarily safe. France and its Protestant German allies defeated the forces of the Holy Roman Empire and its Bavarian ally. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. The chief belligerents were the Catholic Habsburg dynasties consisting of an Austrian and Spanish branch and their allies on one side. declaring war against Spain on May 21, 1635. The second Battle of Nördlingen (or Battle of Allerheim) was fought on August 3, 1645 southeast of Nördlingen near the village of Alerheim. The divisions in … However, the wooded features caused two of Horn's brigades to mistake each other for enemy, and they began to exchange fire. Prince Ferdinand and King Ferdinand of Hungary, mounted on horseback and stationed on a hilltop at left, survey the course of the battle before them. Other articles where Battle of Nördlingen is discussed: Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, vicomte de Turenne: Command of the French forces in Germany: …met the Bavarians in the Battle of Nördlingen and reached the Danube River but with such heavy losses in infantry that they soon had to return to the Rhine. The Spanish reinforcements numbered closer to 20,000 not 7,000. Example sentences with "Battle of Nördlingen", translation memory. By contrast, the combined Protestant forces numbered 16,000 infantry and 9,000 horse. France had long been financing the enemies of the Habsburgs, but now they no longer were strong enough to be relied upon. Search Advanced search. Taking advantage of the confusion in Horn's forces, the Cardinal-Infante sent a detachment of Spanish foot and horse, which reclaimed the hill. Opposed to them were the Protestant nations comprising the Dutch, Denmark, Sweden, various German principalities and later, Catholic France. However, the cousins were supported by Count Leganés, the Spanish deputy commander, who was confident in their superior numbers, including the reliable Spanish Infantry. Español: La de Nördlingen fue una batalla decisiva de la guerra de los Treinta Años. The Battle of Nördlingen was fought on September 6, 1634. Bernhard and Horn also prepared for battle. The Franco-German losses were 4,000 killed, wounded, and captured, including the capture of Marshal Gramont and the death of 3 colonels, along with 70 flags. Situace před bitvou. With their forces substantially reduced and many German principalities refusing aid, the Swedes withdrew to Northern Germany where they remained inactive for several years. [2] The French Marshal eventually fell back to Philippsburg. The 16,000-man Imperial-Bavarian army, led by Field Marshal Franz Baron von Mercy and Johann von Werth entrenched on rising ground near the village of Alerheim, 10 km southeast of Nordlingen. [12] Among the defending Spanish forces were the "Tercios Viejos" (Old Tercios), mainly those commanded by Fuenclara, Idiáquez, and Toralto with support from Ottavio Piccolomini's Italian cavalry. Schlachdarstellung bei Alerheim 1645.jpg 1,200 × 773; 293 KB. Mercy and Werth deployed their right wing on the Wennenberg, anchored their left wing on the schloss (castle) hill, and posted their center on the low ridge between the wings. Spanish forces were no longer engaged in Germany, and now posed a direct threat to France all along its frontier. The Habsburg triumph at Nördlingen followed by the Treaty of Prague could have been decisive in ending the war, enhancing Habsburg dominance in Europe. WikiMatrix. Below at the right, foot soldiers rush to join the melee. Contenu de sens a gent. En 1633, sa contribution lors de la bataille de Nördlingen contre les Suédois se révèle décisive pour la victoire espagnole. The French were able to subsequently capture the cities of Nördlingen and Dinkelsbühl but Condé fell sick while sieging Heilbronn. They were aware that Spanish reinforcements under Ferdinand of Hungary's cousin, the Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Austria, were en route from their dominions in Northern Italy. "The Thirty Years War", Cecily V. Wedgwood, p. 373, "The Thirty Years War", Cecily V. Wedgwood, p. 374, "The Thirty Years War", Cecily V. Wedgwood, pp. (The Austrian archduke also held the title of Holy Roman Emperor. dans le dictionnaire Français-Anglais; dans le dictionnaire Français-Espagnol; dans le dictionnaire Français-Portugais; sens a gent. After the Protestant victory in the Battle of Lützen two years before, the Swedes failed to follow up their victory due to the death of their king, Gustavus Adolphus. Fifteen assaults were made over the next few hours, all of which were beaten back. Rok 1634 nezačal pro císaře a jeho spojence dobře. Once the hill was seized, artillery could be placed on top that would subject the enemy flank to enfilade fire. After laying out careful instructions to his subordinates, the cavalry attacked prematurely, leaving the infantry and artillery behind, when they were supposed to lead. Horn was able to rally his men, but by then the hilltop was impregnable. WikiMatrix. That's it. La première Bataille de Nördlingen a lieu les 5 et 6 septembre 1634, durant la guerre de Trente Ans. Gustav Horn of Björneborg was captured and his army destroyed. In 1633 his commanded troops during the Battle of Nördlingen against the Swedish Empire and secured a decisive victory for Spain. Rheinübergang der Franzosen am 19.6.1645.jpg 1,200 × 999; 555 KB. The initial blast was followed by several more in quick succession. That would force him to withdraw and relieve Nördlingen. The Spanish army had marched through the Stelvio Pass trying to open a new "Spanish Road", and take their Commander to his Governorship in the Spanish Low Countries. Before the battle, Marshal Henri, Vicomte de Turenne united his Franco-German army with an all-French army led by Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé (then known as the Duc d'Enghien, courtesy title of the heir to the Condé honours, to which he would not succeed until the following year) and 6,000 Hessians commanded by Johann von Geyso. The Swedes recovered. In the event, the Imperial army counterattacked almost at once. To install click the Add extension button. Frederick died in 1634 in the Battle of Nördlingen, shortly after he came of age. This opened a second front against the Spanish Netherlands. The Battle of Nördlingen on September 6, 1634, between Swedish and German forces and Imperial and Spanish forces was one of the major battles of the Thirty Years’ War (1618–1648) in Germany. In the 17th century, Alerheim was smaller and entirely to the northwest of the Imperial battleline between the Wennenberg and the schloss. Après la défaite des Protestants à la bataille de Nördlingen le 6 septembre 1634, Wurtemberg a été pillée et incendiée. The battle was one of the most crushing defeats Protestants ever suffered. In 1634 a Protestant Saxon and Swedish army had invaded Bohemia threatening the Habsburg core territories. As a result, the Imperial forces began to regain the initiative. It was one of the key battles of the Thirty Years’ War. 372–373. 374–375, "The Thirty Year's War", Cecily V. Wedgwood, p. 375, Learn how and when to remove this template message, intervened directly against the Habsburgs, Independence of Spanish continental Americas, Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, northernmost France, Law of coartación (which allowed slaves to buy their freedom, and that of others), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Battle_of_Nördlingen_(1634)&oldid=1006657126, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing Swedish-language text, Articles needing additional references from September 2018, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 February 2021, at 01:52. After the Protestant victory at the Battle of Lützen two years before, the Swedes failed to follow up due to the death of their king, Gustavus Adolphus. The First Battle of Nordlingen was a major battle of the Thirty Years War that took place on 6 September 1634, in present-day Bavaria, Germany. Eventually the battle provided no more than a breathing space and did not prevent the invasion of Bavaria the following year. Found in the Collection of Nationalmuseum Stockholm. The Roman Catholic Imperial army, bolstered by 15,000 Spanish soldiers, won a crushing victory over the combined Protestant armies of Sweden and their German-Protestant allies (Heilbronn Alliance). Schlacht bei Alerheim.jpg 490 × 588; 54 KB. [13] However, the Imperial commanders observed the weakened condition of Bernhard's army, which had sent reinforcements to assist Horn on the right. [9], The Protestant commanders came up with a plan: With half the army, Bernard was to hold the main Imperialist force in check while Horn wheeled the remainder through some woods on the right with the object of taking the hill on the Imperialist left. Among them were the Blue brigade and the Scots in Swedish service ("the Green brigade") with a few national Swedish/Finnish regiments (mostly cavalry) and one national Swedish infantry brigade ("the Yellow brigade"). Both armies were named after their main operation area and belonged to the Heilbronn Alliance (Sweden's German-Protestant allies under the directorate of the Swedish chancellor Axel Oxenstierna). One km to the northeast of the village, the ridge rises to a height called the Wennenberg. Bernard of Saxe-Weimar was given 12,000 French troops and extensive funding.[15]. After the failure of the tercio system in the first Battle of Breitenfeld in 1631, the professional Spanish troops deployed at … Despite their best efforts the Protestant armies were still behind when Ferdinand of Hungary set down to besiege the town of Nördlingen in Swabia and await the Cardinal-Infante, who arrived before the city on 2 September - three days before the Protestants.[7]. Consequently, the Protestant German princes made a separate peace with the Emperor in the Treaty of Prague.[14]. They hoped to defeat the French by forcing them into a disadvantageous attack uphill into the fire of the Imperial cannon. Exactly 1 km to the southwest of the village is the Schloss Alerheim, which crowns a hill. The Protestant commanders decided they could not ignore the threat of a union between the two enemy forces and combined their two largest armies near Augsburg on 12 July, which included the Swabian-Alsatian Army under Gustav Horn and the so-called Franconian Army under Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar. The cousins, Ferdinand, brother of the Spanish king and known as the Cardinal-Infante, and Ferdinand of Hungary, son of Ferdinand II, the Austrian Holy Roman Emperor, prepared for battle, ignoring the advice of more experienced generals such as Matthias Gallas. Bernhard felt that no matter the odds, an attempt must be made to relieve Nördlingen. The Battle of Nördlingen was fought in 1634 during the Thirty Years' War, on 27 August or 6 September. Battle of Nördlingen, (Sept. 5–6, 1634), battle fought near Nördlingen in southern Germany. Bernard underestimated the numerically superior enemy forces despite information obtained from a prisoner. The Imperials and the Catholic League were facing increasingly severe pressure in the war from the French, Swedes and their Protestant allies and were struggling to prevent a French attempt to advance into Bavaria. [10], At sunrise on September 6, Horn commenced his attack, which suffered every kind of bad luck. Following the success of the event it was decided that a repeat was in order and the battle chosen this time would be Nördlingen 1634, primarily as it involved a reverse of the strengths of the forces involved. Císařská hlavní armáda zatím oblehla svobodné říšské město v Bavorsku nad Egerou Nördlingen. 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